Geranium also known as Cranesbills, which belong to the genus Geranium, are a group of perennial plants widely appreciated in the gardening world for their durability, ease of care, and charming flowers.
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Geranium cranesbills, which belong to the genus Geranium, are a group of perennial plants widely appreciated in the gardening world for their durability, ease of care, and charming flowers. Unlike the commonly known annual geraniums (Pelargonium), true geraniums or cranesbills are mostly hardy perennials and offer a more subtle, yet equally delightful, aesthetic. Characteristics of Geranium Cranesbills Appearance: Cranesbills have a more delicate look compared to Pelargoniums. They produce a profusion of flowers in shades of pink, blue, purple, and white. The flowers are usually smaller, with five petals, and often have veining or distinct coloring. Foliage: The leaves of Geranium cranesbills are generally rounded, often lobed or deeply cut, and can offer attractive autumn color in some species. The foliage is sometimes aromatic and can add texture and interest even when the plant is not in bloom. Growth Habit: These plants form mounding clumps and can be low-growing or taller, depending on the species. Some varieties are excellent ground covers, while others work well in borders or as specimen plants. Growing Conditions: Cranesbills are adaptable to a variety of conditions but generally prefer well-drained soil and can grow in full sun to part shade. They are often drought-tolerant once established. Bloom Time: Depending on the variety, they can bloom from late spring into fall, providing a long season of interest. Uses in Gardens: Geranium cranesbills are versatile and can be used in borders, rock gardens, as groundcovers, or underplanting for shrubs and roses. Their ability to blend with other plants and provide continuous blooms makes them valuable in garden design. Wildlife Attraction: They are attractive to pollinators such as bees and butterflies. Maintenance: These plants require minimal care. Deadheading can encourage reblooming and prevent self-seeding, although some gardeners allow them to self-seed for a more naturalized look. Dividing the plants every few years can rejuvenate them and prevent overcrowding. Popular Varieties: Some well-known varieties include Geranium 'Rozanne' (noted for its long blooming period and vibrant blue flowers), Geranium sanguineum (with bright pink to purple flowers), and Geranium 'Johnson's Blue' (known for its clear blue flowers). Geranium cranesbills are appreciated for their reliability, low maintenance, and the soft, naturalistic beauty they bring to landscapes. They are a staple in cottage gardens but fit in well with a variety of garden styles, from formal to wild.